UTGST full form is Union Territory Goods and Service Tax. UTGST is applicable when goods or services or both are consumed in the supplied regions of India that include Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, Ladakh and Chandigarh, termed as Union territories of India. Union Territory GST will be charged simultaneously with the Central goods and services tax (CGST).
The State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) can not be levied by a Union Territory without a governing body under GST. To decrease this challenge, the GST Council has chosen to have Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Law (UGST) similar to SGST. Though SGST can be executed in Union Territories, for instance, New Delhi and Puducherry, both have individual governing bodies and can be considered States according to the GST process.
UTGST is applicable when there is a separate governing body. Here is the list of the Union Territories where the UTGST Act is applicable: (i) Chandigarh (ii) Lakshadweep (iii) Ladakh (iv) Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (v) Andaman & Nicobar islands
There are two types of union territories in India:
Currently, there are two union territories with the legislature; Delhi and Puducherry. These types of union territory have a defined legislature and an elected government. Hence, for these states SGST is applicable. The central government directly controls the other union territories. Union Territories that are governed now by the Central Government have a Lieutenant Governor as an executive. He is the representative of the President of India and appointed by the Central government. The UTGST Act governs these UTs.
Output liabilities of the taxable person as per the UTGST Act can are often explained as follows:
|Supply Type||Output tax Liability||Section Applicable|
|Supplies made in a Union Territory without governing body||UTGST and CGST (within the UT border)||As per Section 8(1) and 8(2) of the IGST Act|
|Supplies made between two Union Territories without governing body||Integrated GST (Between two or more UT)||As per Section 7(1) and 7(3) of the IGST Act|
|Supplies arranged between a Union Territory without governing body and a State or UT with the governing body.||Integrated GST||As per Section 7(1) and 7(3) of the IGST Act|
Union Territory Goods and Services which is the full form of UTGST Tax has the same rates as State Goods and Services Tax. So, the UTGST rates are 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28% respectively. Further, the exemption rules for goods and services are also similar to SGST.
Here we see how the different elements under GST work in India. Suppose the GST rate applicable to a product is 18%.
|Sales From||Sales To||Amount of Sale||Type of Tax||GST Amount|
|Maharashtra||Maharashtra||1,00,000 INR||CGST+SGST (9,000+9,000)||18,000 INR|
|Maharashtra||Punjab||1,00,000 INR||IGST||18,000 INR|
|Daman & Diu||Daman & Diu||1,00,000 INR||CGST+UTGST (9,000+9,000)||18,000 INR|
|Daman & Diu||Maharashtra||1,00,000 INR||IGST||18,000 INR|
|Maharashtra||Chandigarh||1,00,000 INR||IGST||18,000 INR|