Impact of Big Data in Accounting

Prakash Matre
Prakash Matre at September 26, 2022

Accounting and Big Data

There has been a lot of word about big data, accounting, and data science in recent years. Today, big data has become capital. Think of some of the world’s biggest businesses and tech companies. A considerable portion of the value they offer comes from their data, which they constantly analyze to become more efficient and develop new products. But what exactly is Big Data in Accounting?

What is Big Data Accounting?

Big Data accounting and finance is a collection of vast sets of unstructured data stored in various forms gathered from different sources. It comes in at such a fast rate that a traditional server cannot process it and is usually measured in terabytes and zettabytes. Big data in accounting and data science enables accountants to identify issues with real-time access to the data so that businesses can make decisions based on hard evidence and facts instead of uncertain assumptions. This is what has made understanding big data analytics in accounting meaning for accounting and finance professionals a must today. The journal of big data and accounting data science journal are key tools in understanding the realm of data science and data analytics.

The 3 Vs of Big Data

Big data comes in complex data sets, which can be broken down into three defining properties. Collectively, they are called the three Vs of Big data in accounting.

1. Volume

The first and most prominent property is volume. The data is voluminous to an extent to reach unparalleled heights. It was estimated that approximately 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are created each day. As a result, more than 40 zettabytes of data could be produced by 2021. This brings to light an increase of 300 times from 2005. And so, it’s now common for big data firms to have Terabytes and even Petabytes of data stored on drives and servers.

2. Velocity

The fast growth of data has changed the way we see it. There once was a time when we didn’t know the importance of data in the corporate world and accounting science. However, with the evolution of how it is gathered, many huge businesses now rely on it daily. Velocity measures how fast the data is coming in. Some data comes in real-time; some comes in fits and starts, sent in batches. And as not all platforms experience the incoming data at the same pace or speed, it’s important to not jump to conclusions without having all the facts and figures.

3. Variety

Earlier, data used to be collected from one place and delivered in a single format. With time, it has evolved from database files - such as Excel, CSV, and access to now being presented in nontraditional forms, like text, video, pdf, graphics on social media, and through tech, like wearable devices. Though this data is beneficial, it does add to the work and requires advanced analytical skills to decode, make it manageable and work. Now that you have understood what exactly big data is, let’s see how big data has influenced accounting and data science.

Impact of Big Data on Accounting and Data Science

The rapid growth of technology and high-volume data generation is changing how industries and businesses operate. Traditionally, humans examined and analyzed numbers, and decisions were made based on conclusions drawn from calculated risks and trends. However, computers have usurped this functionality, and it is, now, done through data mining accounting. As a result, the market for big data technology in finance offers excessive potential. Here is how big data has transformed accounting and data science:

1. Real-Time Access to Data

Earlier, manual data recording methods limited the visibility of data. It used to be challenging to complete the tasks every month before the books were closed. Today, you have real-time access to the accounting data, which helps you instantly correct errors in reports, escalate efficiency, and save both time and money. Understanding big data analytics for accountants and utilizing it to analyze reports can help you make better business decisions and set performance benchmarks.

2. Applying Data Analytics to Big Data

Big data comes in a large volume of unstructured data that must be organized. Applying data analytics to big data in accounting helps businesses gain significant insights, predict future possibilities, and automate financial tasks. For an accountant to be a big data expert, they must learn technical and analytical skills to manage statistics and examine large data sets with data mining accounting.

3. Data Analytics and Audit

The change in data auditing is one of the best examples of the impact of big data in accounting. Today, auditing is so much more than analysis of the income statement and balance sheet. Auditors might have had to manually go through big files to track risks in the past. However, the rise of technology and big data in accounting has revolutionized how auditing is done. You can now easily assess large volumes of unstructured data in the form of emails, company records, and more by using computers, algorithms, and other technology.

4. Better Risk Management

Today, it is crucial for big firms to regularly identify risks and their effects on the business. Risks in financial services are mostly related to mergers and acquisitions, frauds, supply-chain risks, etc. With the introduction of big data in accounting, you can significantly improve risk management through advanced customer behavior analysis, foresee shifts in economic trends, and much more. Moreover, it can also help analyze the card transaction patterns. This includes the amount, timing, location, and more that can help identify swindling transactions and block the card. In the case of liquid risk management, big data groups can give in-depth, valuable insights into the cash flow, which can be used to improve liquidity management. The sooner the accountants learn to identify these risks, the better is the chance of alleviating them.


Big data in accounting and data science is all about helping firms to harness their data and help them identify and manage risks and new opportunities. With time the technology and big data are advancing, and so is the need for accountants and financial professionals to transit to being data-savvy planners. They need to understand how to analyze and draw the movement of data for the betterment of the organization.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Big Data in Accounting?

Big Data is a massive collection of unstructured data stored in various forms and obtained from diverse sources. It allows financial professionals to spot difficulties with real-time data access, allowing firms to make decisions based on solid information and facts rather than questionable assumptions. Big Data analytics examples include stock exchanges, social media sites, jet engines, etc.

2. How is Big Data Affecting Auditing?

Today, auditing is expanding beyond sample-based testing to include analysis of mass audit–relevant data (transaction activities) using big data analytics to deliver a higher quality of audit evidence and relevant business insights. Big data is also helping financial professionals to streamline the audit reporting process and detect fraud.

3. How Does Big Data Help in Accounting?

Big Data analysis has various benefits. It enables real-time access to data, helps businesses gain significant insights, predicts future possibilities, better risk management, and makes auditing easier and faster.

4. Where Does Big Data Come From?

Big data comes from various sources like transaction processing systems, customer databases, documents, emails, medical records, internet clickstream logs, mobile apps, and social networks.

How useful was this post?
Click on a star to rate it!
Average rating 4.50 / 5. Vote count: 136

Search Your interest

Invoice OCR Software

Use AI & ML powered OCR software or APIs to extract data from Invoices.

You can also get latest updates on Whatsapp!

Browse other topics

Use GST API to build your own GST compliance application.
Check out other Similar Posts
No Data found
No articles found