The Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 (ESI Act), was the first major legislation on social Security for workers post-independence of India. The ESI Scheme is administered by a statutory corporate body called the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC), which has members representing Employers, Employees, the Central Government, the State Government, the Medical Profession, and the Hon’ble Members of Parliament.
The ESIC Act 1948 incorporates various health related eventualities that the workers are generally exposed to, such as sickness, maternity, temporary or permanent disablement, and death due to employment injury, resulting in loss of wages or earning capacity etc under the Eway bill. Every employee should know how to check ESIC balance, ESIC card download process, ESIC applicability, etc. This article helps you to understand all these concepts.
As per Section 2(12), of the ESI Act, the Act shall apply to all non-seasonal factories employing ten or more persons, you can also ESIC search by name. Under Section 1(5) of the Act, The Central Government of India has extended the coverage to the following under GST search.
Employing 20 or more Persons, where Central Government is the appropriate Government in GST number search. The existing wage limit for coverage under the Act effective from 01.01.2017 is Rs.21,000/- per month (Rs.25,000/- per month, in the case of Persons with Disability) calculated with the GST calculator.
The employer's ESIC login portal offers a variety of services that are broadly divided into two categories, namely Employer Services and Employee Services ESIC portal application login.
ESIC Scheme is contributory in nature, and therefore all the employees of the factories or establishments to which the Act applies shall make applicable contributions as provided in the Act in HSN Code List. The contribution payable shall comprise of Employer’s contribution and the employee’s contribution at the specified rate. These rates are revised from time to time. Currently, the employee’s contribution rate is 0.75 % of the wages and the Employer's contribution is 3.25% of the wages paid/ payable (w.e.f. 1st July 2019).
The Corporation may levy and recover damages under Reg. 31C at the following rates,
|S. No.||Period of delay||Rate of damages in % p.a|
|1||Less than 2 months||5%|
|2||2 to 4 months||10%|
|3||4 to 6 months||15%|
|4||6 months and above||25%|
It is mandatory for an employer to get registered within 15 days online www.esic.in who becomes coverable under the ESI Act 1948. After successfully registering on the ESIC Portal the employer will get a 17-digit code through the ESIC portal login. An employer need not generate a separate code for different branches located in India but has to generate sub-codes.
Note: Sub-codes are for those branches that do not fall under the jurisdiction of the regional or sub-regional office of the main office.
The Factory/Establishment to which the Act applies can be registered through ESIC login employee for ESIC login employer on www.esic.in login within 15 days from the date of the Act’s applicability. The Employer who meets the criteria of registration shall provide details like factory or establishment name, Address of the Employer, Employer’s name, Bank Account details, PAN, and e-mail address for ESIC employer login. The Employer would be then provided with a user ID and a password through which he can avail ESIC portal login facility. Note that the employer shall use Form-1, available on the ESIC portal, for filling in the above details. Navigation steps are: Here is the consolidated summary of the registration procedure explained via screenshots:
The ESIC is applicable to all those establishments and factories that fall under ESI Act having ten or more employees. Currently, the wage limit for ESIC applicability is 21,000 INR. Under the ESI scheme, the insured person or his family member gets both cash and non-cash benefits. Some of the common examples of cash benefits are Sickness, Disablement, Maternity, and Funeral expenses.
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